Indian Spotted Eagle (
Aquila hastata )
Indian spotted eagle has been included as vulnerable category in
birdlife international 2013,It is believed to have a small and
declining population , however this statement has to be re-examined
due to recent observations from Karnataka and Kerala . the bird is
regularly seene in small numbers , it has a much larger range and
perhaps the largest population density is presently known for the
research on this status in Cambodia and possibly also as well as in
south east Asia may lead revised population estimate and assessment
of its threat status.
Field characters: A medium sized slim Eagle with small
bill and long gape extending to the middle of the eye, round
nostrils , it is supposed to have the wildest gape among all Aquilas
Adult birds or drab brown and unspotted with yellowish brown eyes
and often paler brown vent and tarsi.
Name spotted is quite misleading as adult birds do not have spots,
it has short broad wings with the wingspan of 150 centimeters in
proportion to the Greater Spotted Eagle .
The Indian Spotted Eagle has the longest tail , the legs longer and
thinner as the tarsi are thickly feathered , because of which it was
also known as long legged Eagle ,the head is large in relation to
body size first year juveniles have brown eyes and pale flecks on
the nape , upper back and wing coverts , larger pale spots on median
coverts and narrow pale tips are often heavily streaked below.
Distribution: The Indian Spotted Eagle is a semi
endemic species , chiefly found in India but also recorded in
Pakistan, Nepal , Bangladesh and Myanmar , according to Bird
Life International 2013 sighting of Indian Spotted Eagle in Cambodia
almost certainly refers to this species indicating that the
population processed in the dry deciduous forests in parts of
Indian spotted eagle is present in drier biotope from India to
central and western regions and probably have a separate population
in the states of Karnataka, Tamilnadu & parts of Andhra
Pradesh for detailed distribution in India.
Indian spotted Eagle is seen in Rajaji National Park in summers
where it has primarily been seen on dry river beds as Junglee Resort
Rajaji National Park has great chance to spot Indian spotted Eagles
on dry river beds in large numbers near Junglee Resort Rajaji
Ecology: The Indian Spotted Eagle is mainly found in
light wooded forests ,forest clearance ,cultivated area and even in
urban gardens, sometimes it is found near water but is not as
dependent on wetlands as the Greater Spotted Eagle .
Its food consists of birds , small mammals and amphibians it nests
on trees in open countryside .it occurs in low density , difficulty
in identifying the species compounds the problem of authentic
recording the ecology of this species was studied in detail at
Keoadev National Park .
Threats And conservation : Like other raptors in India is
threatened by the destruction and disturbance of its habitate,
the modification of forest & grassland ,across India and Indo China
and also to pesticide poisoning, research is required to
determine the specific reasons of threats .