River Lapwing In Rajaji National Park
River Lapwing In Rajaji National Park
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          River Lapwing ( Vanellus duvaucelli ) is really common species with suitable habitats in Uttarakhand , According to Bird Life International 2013 it has been a listed to near threatened , as it is expected to undergo a moderately rapid population decline over the next three generations , going to human pressure on aquatic ecosystems and the construction of dams.River Lapwing In Rajaji National Park

Field Characters : the River Lapwing is 29 to 32 centimeters long , it has a black crest crown face bill ,central throat and legs ,engraved white neck sides and nap . Other parts of River Lapwing are white , the black belly patch, underparts breast band ,the back is brown ramp white and tail black ,in flight black primaries white and red wings and upper wing secondary and brown upper wing coverts are conspicuous . Call of the River Lapwing " Did Did Do Weet" reminiscent of the call of the Red Wattled Lapwing, yet distinctive .

Distribution: River Lapwing is resident of the large river systems of North India and Himalayan foothills from the west Himachal to Arunachal and Assam valley & Assam hills ,Meghalaya and South to lower high hills,  Central India , North Eastern Peninsula , spreading two states of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh .

In Uttarakhand , River Lapwing is a common resident along the river Ganga, Yamuna , Ramganga, Kosi , Sharda and their tributaries , when they pass through the foothills of the bulge from the hills and have sandy banks of Ganga , which flows for considerable distance and displacement of Uttarakhand , Haridwar district.

River Lapwing regularly seen in most protected areas in the foothills as Rajaji National Park , Corbett National Park , it is also recorded regularly from large reservoir in the foothills such as Haripura .

Ecology :  As the name indicates River Lapwing is mainly found on river banks ,singly or in pairs ,  it feeds on insects & generally 4 eggs are laid , not much more is known about its ecology and behavior.

Threats: While in most southeast Asian countries ,where the this species is distributed hunting & take of eggs by humans and developmental activities are the main threats  In India disturbance to breeding birds by humans , dogs , cats are the greatest danger,   construction of dams and reservoirs , sudden release of water , adaptation and evolution of water ,exposing the nests to ground predators , increasing extraction of builders and sand , increasing watermelon cultivation on sandy river island etc. are main threts to River Lapwings.

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