Tytler's Leaf Warbler In Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park
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According to World Life International 2013 , Tytler's Leaf Warbler ( Phylloscopus tytleri )  has a moderately small population , which is suspected to be declining as a result of habitat loss , degradation in both its breeding and wintering grounds, it is therefore classified as near threatened.

Field Characters: A small drab olive and dull brown bird difficult to distinguish in the field from the similar sized birds and similar looking Phylloscopus species. In fresh plumage the species olive above wheatish below, but when it is worn , it becomes grayish above and dingy white below , both sexes are alike.Tytler's Leaf Warbler In Rajaji National Park

A key identification point is that, it has no wing bar but care is needed while using this pointer because sometimes the very common Greenish Warbler,  P.trochiloides has abraded plumage in mid winter and its wing bar is lost; however Greenish Warbler has a yellower wider beak. The songs are distinctive and provide much help in its identification particularly in the breeding season.

Distribution: Tytler's Leaf Warbler is endemic to the Indian subcontinent , breeds in a very limited area in western Himalaya from Northwestern Afghanistan eastwards at least to Kashmir , In winters in the Western Ghats from Maharashtra to Kerala in fall and early winter with concentrations around Mahabaleshwar and in the Nilgiris above 300 metres on return migration in spring , It evidently follows a more easterly route through Central India and reaches Western Nepal and Uttarakhand.

There are numerous sightings of the world during spring passage and a few during autumn passage last sighting for more frequent in western Garhwal then in Kumaon.

The species can still be seen regularly on spring passage and rarely in autumn in Uttarakhand , particularly in the Mussoorie hills ,Dehradun valley , it was recorded from Rajaji National Park as a regular winter visitor .

Ecolgy:  Tytler's Leaf Warbler is a scarce poorly known species during the breeding season, it inhibits coniferous forests where it prefers small clearing as well as sub
alpine dwarf willows birches . Tytler's Leaf Warbler Fauna In Rajaji National Park

In winter it prefers shola forest in the Western Ghats , frequent altitude above in Deccan forests where there is a suitable treat cover.

Threats : there are no direct threat to this tiny bird but  in its breeding range its forest habitate is under constant threat from excessive livestock , breeding and associated pressures such as wood cutting for fuel and grass burning Etc. it's winter in habited is under pressure from human use particularly timber cutting grass burning and development.


 

 

 

 

 

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